Adult Protective Services, Institutional Abuse & Long Term Care

ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES, INSTITUTIONAL ABUSE AND LONG TERM CARE
OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM LAWS: CITATIONS, BY STATE
(Laws current as of 12/31/06)
Prepared by Lori Stiegel and Ellen Klem of the American Bar Association Commission on Law and Aging for
the National Center on Elder Abuse
Copyright © American Bar Association Commission on Law and Aging (2007)
Research conducted on Westlaw compliments of West Group

CAUTION: Read the explanation of this chart before relying upon the chart.
You can find the explanation online at http://www.abanet.org/aging/about/elderabuse.shtml.

Alabama

APS: Ala. Code §§ 38-9-1 through 38-9-11
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ala. Code §§ 22-5A-1 through 22-5A-7

Alaska

APS: Alaska Stat. §§ 47.24.010 through 47.24.900
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Alaska Stat. §§ 47.62.010 through 47.62.090

Arizona

APS: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 46-451 through 46-459
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 46-452.01 through 46-452.02

Arkansas

APS: Ark. Code Ann. §§ 12-12-1701 through 12-12-1721 (These provisions relate to reporting and investigation) & Ark. Code Ann. §§ 9-20-101 through 9-20-121 (These provisions authorize APS to take victims into protective custody)
Inst. Abuse: Ark. Code §§ 12-12-1701 through 12-12-1721
LTCOP: Ark. Code Ann. §§ 20-10-601 through 20-10-603

California

APS: Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (Encompasses the Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act in Chapter 11, Protective Placements and Custody of Endangered Adults in Chapter 12, and Adult Protective Services in Chapter 13)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code §§ 9700 through 9745

Colorado

APS: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 26-3.1-101 through 26-3.1-208
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 26-11.5-101 through 26-11.5-112

Connecticut

APS: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 17b-450 through 17b-461
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 17b-400 through 17b-417

Delaware

APS: Del. Code Ann. tit. 31, §§ 3901 through 3913
Inst. Abuse: Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, §§ 1131 through 1142
LTCOP: Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, §§ 1150 through 1156

District of Columbia

APS: D.C. Code Ann. §§ 7-1901 through 7-1913
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: D.C. Code Ann. §§ 7-701.01 throught 7-706.1

Florida

APS: Fla. Stat. Ann. §§ 415.101 through 415.113
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Fla. Sta. Ann. §§ 400.0060 through 400.0091

Georgia:

AP : Ga Code Ann. §§ 30-5-1 through 30-5-10
Inst. Abuse: Ga. Code Ann. §§ 31-8-80 through 31-8-88
LTCOP: Ga. Code Ann. §§ 31-8-50 through 31-8-63

Guam

APS: 10 Guam Code Ann. §§ 2950 through 2960
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N/A

Hawaii

APS: Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 346-221 through 346-253
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 96-1 through 96-19

Idaho

APS: Idaho Code §§ 39-5301 through 39-5312
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Idaho Code § 67-5009

Illinois

APS: 320 Ill. Comp. Stat. 20/1 through 20/14
Inst. Abuse: 210 Ill. Comp. Stat. 30/1 through 30/16
LTCOP: 20 Ill. Comp. Stat. 105/4.04

Indiana

APS: Ind. Code Ann. §§ 12-10-3-1 through 12-10-3-31
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ind. Code Ann. §§ 12-10-13-3 through 12-10-13-20

Iowa

APS: Iowa Code Ann. §§ 235B.1 through 235B.20
Inst. Abuse: Iowa Code Ann. §§ 10A.101 through 10A.801
LTCOP: Iowa Code Ann. §§ 231.41 through 231.44

Kansas

APS: Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 39-1430 through 39-1443
Inst. Abuse: Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 39-1401 through 39-1412
LTCOP: Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 75-7301 through 75-7314

Kentucky

APS: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 209.005 through 209.195 & Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 209.990
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 216.535 through 216.590 & 910 Ky. Admin. Regs. 1:210 (This is a regulation;
the statute authorizes the program but doesn’t provide details about function)

Louisiana

APS: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 14:403.2
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 40:2010.1 through 40:2010.5

Maine

APS: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, §§ 3470 through 3487
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, § 5107-A

Maryland

APS: Md. Code Ann., Fam. Law §§ 14-101 through 14-309
Inst. Abuse: Md. Code Ann., Health § 19-347
LTCOP: Md. Code Ann., Art. 70B § 5

Massachusetts

APS: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 19A, §§ 14 through 26 (These provisions apply to persons who are 60 or
older) & Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 19C, §§ 1 through 13 (These provisions only apply to persons with disabilities)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 19A, §§ 27 through 35

Michigan

APS: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. §§ 400.11 through 400.11f
Inst. Abuse: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 400.11f
LTCOP: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. §§ 400.586g through 400.586j

Minnesota

APS: Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 626.557 through 626.5572
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 256.974 through 256.9744

Mississippi

APS: Miss. Code Ann. §§ 43-47-1 through 43-47-39
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Miss. Code Ann. §§ 43-7-51 through 43-7-77

Missouri

APS: Mo. Ann. Stat. §§ 660.250 through 660.295 (These provisions apply only to persons who are unable to protect their own interests or adequately perform or obtain services necessary to meet their essential human needs and are either: (1) 60 or older, or (2) between 18 and 59 and have a disability) & Mo. Ann. Stat. §§ 660.300 through 660.321 (These provisions are applicable only to individuals who are receiving “in home services” as defined by § 660.250(9) “through any in-home services provider agency” as defined by § 660.250(11). Missouri does not have two statutes. We established this construct to distinguish in the charts between the provisions applicable to individuals who are receiving in home services and those who are not. The statute indicated that the definitions contained in 660.250 apply to what we have labeled as Missouri #2; 660.300 – 660.321.).
Inst. Abuse: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 198.070
LTCOP: Mo. Ann. Stat. §§ 660.600 through 660.608

Montana

APS: Mont. Code Ann. §§ 52-3-801 through 52-3-825
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Mont. Code Ann. §§ 52-3-601 through 52-3-605

Nebraska

APS: Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-348 through 28-387
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 81-2237 through 81-2264

Nevada

APS: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 200.5091 through 200.50995
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 427A.125 through 427A.165

New Hampshire

APS: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 161-F:42 through 161-F:57
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 161-F:10 through 161-F:19

New Jersey

APS: N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 52:27D-406 through 52:27D-426
Inst. Abuse: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 52:27G-7.1
LTCOP: N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 52:27G-1 through 52:27G-16

New Mexico

APS: N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 27-7-14 through 27-7-31
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 28-17-1 through 28-17-19

New York

APS: N.Y. Soc. Serv. Law, Art. 9B, § 473
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.Y. Elder Law § 218

North Carolina

APS: N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 108A-99 through 108A-111
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 143B-181.15 through 143B-181.25

North Dakota

APS: N.D. Cent. Code §§ 50-25.2-01 through 50-25.2-14
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.D. Cent. Code §§ 50-10.1-01 through 50-10.1-07

Ohio

APS: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §§ 5101.60 through 5101.71
Inst. Abuse: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §§ 3721.21 through 3721.34
LTCOP: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §§ 173.14 through 173.27

Oklahoma

APS: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 43A, §§ 10-101 through 10-110
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, §§ 1-2211 through 1-2216

Oregon

APS: Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 124.050 through 124.095 (These provisions apply to persons 65 or older who are not residents of long-term care facilities) & Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 430.735 through 430.768 (These provisions apply only to persons 18 or older who are mentally ill or developmentally disabled and receive services from a community program or facility)
Inst. Abuse: Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 441.630 through 441.685
LTCOP: Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 441.100 through 441.147

Pennsylvania

APS: 35 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. §§ 10225.101 through 10225.708 (Statute not available online)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: 71 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 581-3(24.2) (Statute not available online)

Puerto Rico

APS: 8 P.R. Laws Ann. §§ 341 through 347 (The APS provisions are part of “Bill of Rights for Elderly Persons”) (Statute not available in English online)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: 3 P.R. Laws Ann. §§ 1968 through 1975 (Statute not available in English online)

Rhode Island

APS: R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 42-66-4.1 through 42-66-17 (The APS provisions are part of the statute establishing the Department of Elderly Affairs)
Inst. Abuse: R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 23-17.8-1 through 23-17.8-14
LTCOP: R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 42-66.7-1 through 42-66.7-17

South Carolina

APS: S.C. Code Ann. §§ 43-35-5 through 43-35-350
Inst. Abuse: S.C. Code Ann. § 43-35-15
LTCOP: S.C. Code Ann. §§ 43-38-10 through 43-38-60

South Dakota

APS: There is no APS statute but the state’s APS program is authorized by S.D. Codified Laws Ann. § 28-1-44
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: S.D. Codified Laws Ann. §§ 28-1-45.6 through 28-1-45.7

Tennessee

APS: Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 71-6-101 through 71-6-122
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Tenn. Code Ann. § 71-2-109

Texas

APS: Tex. Hum. Res. Code Ann. §§ 48.001 through 48.408
Inst. Abuse: Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. § 242.122
LTCOP: Tex. Hum. Res. Code Ann. §§ 101.051 through 101.064

Utah

APS: Utah Code Ann. §§ 62A-3-301 through 62A-3-321
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Utah Code Ann. §§ 62A-3-201 through 62A-3-208

Vermont

APS: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, §§ 6901 through 6941
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, §§ 7501 through 7510

Virgin Islands

APS: 34 V.I. Code Ann. §§ 451 through 463
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N/A

Virginia

APS: Va. Code Ann. §§ 63.2-1603 through 63.2-1610
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Va. Code Ann. §§ 2.2-700 through 2.2-709

Washington

APS: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §§ 74.34.005 through 74.34.901
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §§ 43.190.010 through 43.190.900

West Virginia

APS: W. Va Code §§ 9-6-1 through 9-6-16
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: W. Va Code §§ 16-5L-1 through 16-5L-22

Wisconsin

APS: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 46.90 (These provisions apply to persons who are 60 or older) & Wis. Stat. Ann. §§
55.001 through 55.23 (These provisions apply to adults with disabilities)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wis. Stat. Ann. §§ 16.009(1) through 16.009(5)(e)

Wyoming

APS: Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 35-20-101 through 35-20-116
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 9-2-1301 through 9-2-1309

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